Category: Knowledge

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Basic Notions of Metaphysics: Above and Below

In this podcast we talk about the traditional notion of Being and its unwarranted "deconstruction" by modern philosophers, premier among them being Martin Heidegger. As a starting point we take a passage from Boethius' De Trinitate  on how Being can never be a subject or substrate and juxtapose it to Heidegger's "phenomenological destruction of traditional ontology" which claims that Tradition does precisely the opposite. From there on we point out the importance of spacial metaphors in metaphysics, where what is "groundless" can mean both something below and something above. It is our contention that thinkers in the vein of Heidegger confuse this metaphysical above and below, and seek abyss where traditional thought sought heaven.

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Basic Notions of Metaphysics: Identity and Difference

In this podcast we put forward the conceptual pair of identity and difference. Bearing in mind how important it became to start a conversation with something like "I identify as ...", this is not bound to be a mere lecture upon shadows - pure logical determinations or empty concepts. Therefore we juxtapose two really contrary opposites, i.e. opposites that are not complementary although more often than not they are understood as one and the same thing: the whole as opposed to the system. We put forward the undivided oppositional and complementary nature of the 'same' and its 'other', using an example of the union of the soul and body, whereas we describe systemic construct as an oppositional and contrarian relationship of individual parts and totality, characteristic for the union of ego and its reflections. To give you a hint, if you are not sure whether this will be worth spending half an hour of your life: nobody ever heard of - let alone condemned - holistic society, but we all heard, and some of us condemn, the totalitarian one.

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To Be is to Be Seen: Nicholas of Cusa’s “De Visione Dei” pt.3

In the third and final episode in our series on Nicholas of Cusa's De Visione Dei we address prevalent modern misconception of mystical state as "individual experience" and how God can be known only from His act of knowing us; the act that always points us in the direction of our inner being but at the same time brings to light the fact that we cannot escape participating in it together with our fellow men.

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To Be is to Be Seen: Nicholas of Cusa’s “De Visione Dei” pt.1

In KT series of videos on traditional metaphysics we turn to Nicolas of Cusa and his little theological masterpiece, "De Visione Dei". In this introductory episode we explain how Nicholas sets up the exposition of mystical theology in the form of spiritual exercise which is at its initial stages accessible to everyone.

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In Praise of Limitations: The Superiority of Dogma Over “Critical Thinking”

The notion of "critical thinking" or "using one's own head" is unanimously praised even by those who secretly hate it the most - the adherents of  radical critique, that is. Yet, as it is understood today, it barely applies as thinking at all, when juxtaposed against the traditional method of guiding the mind towards the truth.

The main difference lies between the knowledge presupposing positive content and the one that attempts to dissolve any such content. Traditional metaphysics is rooted firmly in the former whereas the later, embodied in the modern metaphysical question of "why is there something and not nothing instead", is entangled in the later.

Finally, we conclude with discussing attempts at creating the "spiritual science" by modern thinkers who believed they can transcend inherent human limitations on the grounds of evolutionary idea, two examples being Hegel and  Rudolf Steiner, and futility of such attempts.

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Basic Notions of Metaphysics: On Being One and One Being

When someone says that being and one are convertible, what does this mean? In this podcast we'll explicate some of the distinctive qualities of this distinct indivisibility and undivided distinction. Also, we address the error of understanding explication of oneness as reduction to mathematical or physical unit, quite alien to traditional thought, and proneness of contemporary "back to origins" thinkers to perpetuating it especially when they're explicitly trying to refute it. We demonstrate how somewhat natural temptation to find one, indivisible and comprehensive historical point from which all the ills of our times can be explained is utterly in opposition to the One that transcends determinations and is the proper origin of time and what it brings forth.

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Basic Notions of Metaphysics: Transcendentals

In this podcast we investigate the Medieval notion of "transcendentals", an underlying and all pervading principle of Sacra Doctrina and philosophy of Middle Ages that was nevertheless rarely in the focus of contemporary scholarship. The doctrine of transcendentals is one of those teachings that are so common and obvious that one has trouble noticing it, similarly as we have trouble noticing air that we're breathing. 

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Faust Complex: Young Hegelians and the Theology of Atheism

Body of ideas brought forth in the early to mid 19th Century Germany by the group of radicals summed up under the moniker "young (or:'left') Hegelians" enacted an enormous influence on both 20th Century and our current time, in the guise of totalitarian political ideas and practices. What is somewhat neglected by interprets is the fact that Young Hegelians first and foremost were a movement inspired and even led by radical theologians; whereas contemporary public opinion on Marxism, anarchism and even Nazism tends to comprehend these movements to be as far removed from theology and metaphysics, i.e. as a political reaction to historical reality, they are originally anything but. They, in effect, stem from an attempt to liberate humanity from religion in general and Christianity in particular, based on certain peculiar ideas that are religious in themselves.