In this podcast of the ongoing "Notions of Metaphysics" series we treat the problem of inverted meaning of traditional notions of metaphysics. We use the example of the complementary opposites of material and formal, something we today understand in precisely opposite way to their original meaning. Why this happens, what are the consequences and how does it influence our everyday life are some of the questions we rise in the course of the podcast.
In this Christmas podcast we take a moderately deep dive into Christian understanding of the body and the senses, a peculiar and rarely recognized consequence of the Revelation which arguably created the deepest distinction between Christianity and the soil of the civilization it was implanted in to sprout into what we call a Christian civilization.
It is said that "Christianity is against human nature". Well, if you think that unspoken reason for saying this was originally: "because it prevents people of wanting to conquer and shag each other, thus at the same time deadening their more creative impulses", you would be quite wrong. The original intellectual objections to Christianity came from people who denounced Christians for rejecting the palaios logos - "the word of old" - that is, ancient metaphysical tradition and civilization built around it, and thus ushering a sort of, what we would now call, a revolutionary new beginning. In this series of essays we'll attempt to indicate not only how and why this was a fundamental misunderstanding, but how Christians who in turn unequivocally rejected the proverbial "Athens" for the sake of absolute - in fact: isolated - "Jerusalem" committed quite a congenial mistake.
Materialism is not only a mentality or metaphysical orientation. It is also an ontological mood - the peculiar sense of the world and oneself that is highly personal yet at the same time it imbibes all the metaphysical propositions of materialist with rather well defined pathology. This pathology, we claim is the source and the purpose of materialist metaphysics and materialist life, while the systemic form it builds for itself, be it Communism, scientism or something entirely different is quite secondary. To explain what we mean, we focus on the statements of one old fashioned dialectical materialist: Slavoj Žižek, wherein he explains his worldview.
In this podcast we talk about the traditional notion of Being and its unwarranted "deconstruction" by modern philosophers, premier among them being Martin Heidegger. As a starting point we take a passage from Boethius' De Trinitate on how Being can never be a subject or substrate and juxtapose it to Heidegger's "phenomenological destruction of traditional ontology" which claims that Tradition does precisely the opposite. From there on we point out the importance of spacial metaphors in metaphysics, where what is "groundless" can mean both something below and something above. It is our contention that thinkers in the vein of Heidegger confuse this metaphysical above and below, and seek abyss where traditional thought sought heaven.
KT returns to roots - once more you can have no less than 14 pages of essay or 50 minutes podcast. Yet we also return to our old subjects, this time around the metaphysics of Chaos and the influence it performs on our minds. We inspect the idea that just could be lurking behind the set of postmodern projects related to indifference and dissolution of genders - the idea of the androgyny of God. Throughout the essay, we address the inadequacy of modern conservative thought when confronted with what are in fact a historically ancient ideas and principles driving the postmodern project; we employ the aid of St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Gregory Nazianzen to explain why the Word of God has Father only and much more.
In this podcast we put forward the conceptual pair of identity and difference. Bearing in mind how important it became to start a conversation with something like "I identify as ...", this is not bound to be a mere lecture upon shadows - pure logical determinations or empty concepts. Therefore we juxtapose two really contrary opposites, i.e. opposites that are not complementary although more often than not they are understood as one and the same thing: the whole as opposed to the system. We put forward the undivided oppositional and complementary nature of the 'same' and its 'other', using an example of the union of the soul and body, whereas we describe systemic construct as an oppositional and contrarian relationship of individual parts and totality, characteristic for the union of ego and its reflections. To give you a hint, if you are not sure whether this will be worth spending half an hour of your life: nobody ever heard of - let alone condemned - holistic society, but we all heard, and some of us condemn, the totalitarian one.
In this podcast we address once more the superficiality of intellectual content mediated on Internet and aptness of this medium for rejecting the depth of knowledge, while providing an illusion of its presence - something we, some time ago, expressed in Plato's term of "shadow drawing" or skiagraphia.