It is often said that dignity of person is in itself the greatest moral "given"; that person is "a purpose unto itself" (Kant); that it is inviolable "given" of humanity. And so on and so forth, from the popular moralizing to the real basis of legislature, this perpetually used, yet rarely pondered upon notion strikes us as something that should be the most comprehensible and closest thing to our minds, but, on closer inspection, it is hard to be sure where it really stems from and how we came to understand it as a self evident "given". In this two parts essay we'll inquire about the origin of this "given" in the singular event in history when, quite literary, the "given" was handed to us, while employing help of our regular assortment of traditional authorities. In the first part we treat metaphysics that can prepare the mind for the approach to the heart of the matter, beyond the subject/object split, but that can nevertheless take us only one part of the way. Also we juxtapose the traditional understanding of the relationship of intellect and being against Immanuel Kant's idea of "transcendental philosophy", which could be understood as an epitome of all attacks on metaphysics, by metaphysics, in modernity.
Tagged: transcendental philosophy
In the second part of our podcast on ailments of modern philosophy and its denouncement of supposedly illusory problems, i.e. of human propensity to think about the good, beautiful. God and other uncool subjects that should be denounced as mere affliction of mind, we turn to more mundane examples from every day life to demonstrate the superiority of dogmas over critical thinking as it is understood today.
In this podcast we put forward the notion of illusory problems and meaningless questions in philosophy. From the modern standpoint, which we exemplify by Kant's and Wittgenstein's positions, the entire history of metaphysics, theology and generally those modes of understanding that are poised to reaching transcendence in any conceivable way is merely a misunderstanding: either a natural illusion of the pure mind (Kant) or merely a case of pathological misuse of language (Wittgenstein).